Artificial pancreas to revolutionise diabetics care in England

Just about 900 sufferers with type 1 diabetes in England are testing a possibly  transformative artificial transplantation.

It can eradicate the desire for finger prick tests and prevent lethal hypoglycaemic attacks, where blood sugar levels decline.

The automation uses a detector under the skin.

It continued policing the levels, and force out involuntary adapt the amount of insulin expected.

Six-year-old Charlotte, from Lancashire, is among the 200 children using the cross closed loop system.

Her mother, Ange Abbott, recounts that it has made a tremendous impact on the whole family.

"Prior to having the loop, everything was manual," she said. "At night we'd have to set the alarm every two hours to do finger pricks and corrections of insulin in order to deal with the ups and downs of Charlotte's blood sugars."

Around 400,000 people in the UK have type 1 diabetes, a circumstance where the body fails to produce insulin, which is the  hormone that regulates blood sugar levels.

NHS England alerts  it is the pioneer nationwide test of the technology in the world, and it comes 100 years after the initial diabetes sufferer received insulin injections.

The cross bred system is not completely computerised, because the amount of carbohydrates being consumed at mealtimes needs to be chalked up.

Charlotte's consultant Dr May Ng, a paediatric endocrinologist at Ormskirk District General Hospital, believes the new technology has immense potential.

"I think it's absolutely fantastic. I've been practising for 25 years in children's diabetes and it's a game-changer," she said.

"To be able to improve the quality of life, to be able to see that most of their blood glucose readings are within that target range, it's very exciting."

For Ange, the steady policing means that Charlotte can return to her childhood.

"She loves days out with her friends and sleepovers, but we had to halt these as soon as she was pinpointed because other people could not contend with  her diabetes.

"Now we can allow her to go out for these social occasions when we're not there."

Yasmin Hopkins, 27, from London, has also acquired an artificial pancreas as part of the pilot study.

She was fingered with type 1 diabetes 15 years ago and had grappled to keep up her blood sugar levels.

Yasmin recalls she finds the new technology emanicipating.

"I wake up now and I can do a normal day's work, or go on a dog walk without being concerned," she said.

"Before, I felt like I'd have been at risk from some of the long-term complications of diabetes, whereas now I don't see that happening."

If blood sugar levels are not keenly monitired, diabetes sufferers poses long-term damage to their heart, kidneys, eyes and nerves.

Prof Partha Kar, NHS national speciality adviser for diabetes, said: "Having machines monitor and deliver medication for diabetes patients sounds quite sci-fi like, but technology and machines are part and parcel of how we live our lives every day.

"It is not very far away from the holy grail of a fully automated system, where people with type 1 diabetes can get on with their lives without worrying about glucose levels or medication."

Chris Askew, chief executive of Diabetes UK, said: "This technology has the potential to transform the lives of people with type 1 diabetes, improving both their quality of life and clinical outcomes."

From the record  it showed that 875 sufferers have connected with the pilot, which will enlist up to 1,000 people. The results will be part of an assessment by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, which is contemplating where to roll out the technology more widely.

It comes after NICE  admonished 1that everyone in England with type 1 diabetes offered some form of continued glucose policing via a laser attached to the skin.

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