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Mwai Kibaki: Kenya's first opposition president dies aged 90

Kenya's erstwhile president, Mwai Kibaki, has departed this life at age 90, President Uhuru Kenyatta has declared.

His 2002 election terminated 40 years of dictatorship  since independence.

However, his 2007 run for office activated months of widespread brutality and caused 1,200 loss of life.

President Kenyatta, beaten by Mr Kibaki in 2002, led the tribute to his erstwhile opponent , saying he had "led the charge to keep the ruling party accountable".

Mr Kibaki had "earned the abiding respect and affection" of this nation, the president continued.

Mr Kenyatta proclaimed a grieving time until Mr Kibaki's burial, with flags flying at half-mast. He will be accorded a state interment with full ceremonies performed by soldiers, President Kenyatta said

Several Kenyans are expounding  grief and regard Mr Kibaki as the unsurpassed president Kenya has had since independence.

He was a keen financial expert who set the country on a path of economic reform.  He controlled several senior appointments in treasury and government in his political profession that's  stretch across decades.

Politically, however, he was regarded as a non -adversarial, opportunist and weathercock. He kicked against the establishment  of bilateral democracy but defected after the constitution was modified.  He then adopted it, launched his own factional party and, 10 years on,advanced  victorious as leader of an opposition alliance.

Both personality is observable during his reign as president. Kenya reckoned one of its topnotch rates of GDP growth during his first reign before the brutality of the 2007 general election that gravely punched his heritage.

As well as his economic achievements, one of his  greatest accomplishments was to initiate free primary education to Kenya.

He also established a new constitution in 2010, after it was overpoweringly authorised in a national parliament. It was announced by some then as the principal diplomatic event in Kenya's annals since it gained autonomy from Britain in 1963.

It established a more circulated political system and restricted  presidential powers.

His complete failure was the battle to address corruption. He vowed  to fight it, but his government was marred by radical wrongdoing defamation.

But the 2007-2008 political assault  was the worst in the country's annals  and that  marked the lowest ebb  of his presidency.

But an examination headed  by erstwhile South African judge Johann Krieglar resolved that both sides had engaged in electoral fraud in different areas thereby making it difficult to discern who emerged victorious in the election.

The brutality when all is said and done ended in associative government   negotiated  by former UN secretary general Kofi Annan, which saw Mr Odinga become prime minister.

Mr Odinga has followed side with those grieving  the  demise of his former opponent,  reporting it as "a very sad occasion for the nation" and saying Mr Kibacki had "served this country for many years with diligence, with fortitude, with honesty and transparency".

He left behind four children.

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